Document Type : Research Article


1 Master of Science in Information Systems (MSc IS), School of Computing and Information Systems, Athabasca University,Canada

2 Associate Professor, School of Computing and Information Systems, Athabasca University, Canada


In the recent years, social networks (SN) are now employed for communication and networking, socializing, marketing, as well as one’s daily life. Billions of people in the world are connected though various SN platforms and applications, which results in generating massive amount of data online. This includes personal data or Personally Identifiable Information (PII). While more and more data are collected about users by different organizations and companies, privacy concerns on the SNs have become more and more prominent. In this paper, we present a study on information privacy in SNs through exploring the general laws and regulations on collecting, using and disclosure of information from Canadian perspectives based on the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Document Act (PIPEDA). The main focus of this paper is to present results from a survey and the findings of the survey.


[1] Your privacy rights, 2016. URL
[2] Number of social media users worldwide 2010-2021, 2017. URL
[3] Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act, 2017. URL
[4] Global social media ranking 2018 | Statistic,2019. URL
[5] Tariq Ahmad. Online Privacy Law:Canada, 2012. URL privacylaw/canada.php{#}Current.
[6] Patrick L. Benaroche. Social Media and Employment Law An International Survey |Chapter 5 Canada. In Social Media and Employment Law An International Survey, page 26.2015. ISBN 978-90-411-4768-4. URL{_}Walters-Kluwer. pdf?utm{_}source=Mondaq{&}utm{_}medium=syndication{&}utm{_}campaign=View-Original.
[7] Colin J. Bennett, Christopher A. Parsons, and Adam Molnar. Forgetting, Non-Forgetting and Quasi-Forgetting in Social Networking: Canadian Policy and Corporate Practice. Technical report, 2013. URL
[8] Sohnen Cherie and Moe Responds. How can I become more confident in using social media? MASSAGE Magazine, pages 32–36, 2017. URL
[9] Pierre-Luc Dusseault. PRIVACY AND SOCIAL MEDIA IN THE AGE OF BIG DATA. Technical report, House Of Commons - Canada, Canada, 2013. URL https://www.ourcommons. ca/Content/Committee/411/ETHI/Reports/RP6094136/ethirp05/ethirp05-e.pdf.
[10] Lisa Feinberg. Social Networking, 2012. URL{_}networking{#}SN12.
[11] Enrico Franchi, Agostino Poggi, and Michele Tomaiuolo. Information and Password Attacks on Online Social Networks:: An Argument for Cryptography. Journal of Information Technlogy Research, 8(1):25–42, 2015. ISSN 1938- 7857. doi: 10.4018/JITR.2015010103.
[12] Ella Ben Hagai, Gabrielle Leon, and Eileen L. Zurbriggen. Negotiating privacy and intimacy on social media: Review
and recommendations. Translational Issues in Psychological Science, 2(3):248–260, 2016. ISSN 2332-2136, 2332-2136. doi: URL accountid=15977{%}5Cn{_}ver=Z39.88-2004{&}ctx{_}enc=
[13] Marjaana Hovi, Olli Pitkänen, and Virpi Kristiina Tuunainen. In 22nd Bled eConference eEnablement:Facilitating an Open, Effective and Representative eSociety, page 17, Slovenia, 2009.
[14] Michael C. James. A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY IN THE UNITED STATES, CANADA AND EUROPE Michael. Connecticut Journal of International Law, 29(2):257–300, 2013. ISSN 02729490. doi:10.3366/ajicl.2011.0005.
[15] Sangeeta Kumari and Shailendra Singh. A Critical Analysis of Privacy and Security on Social Media. 2015 Fifth International Conference on Communication Systems and Network Technologies, pages 602–608, 2015. doi: 10.1109/
CSNT.2015.21. URL
[16] Kai Li, Zhangxi Lin, and Xiaowen Wang. An empirical analysis of users’ privacy disclosuren behaviors on social network sites. Information and Management, 52(7):882–891, 2015.ISSN 03787206. doi: 10.1016/
006. URL
[17] L Li and K Qian. Using Real-Time Fear Appeals to Improve Social Media Security. 2016 IEEE 40th Annual Computer Software and Applications Conference (COMPSAC), 2:610–611, 2016. ISSN 07303157. doi: 10.1109/COMPSAC.2016.217.
[18] Rob Normey. Privacy in Canada. LawNow, 1 (33):8, 2012.
[19] RBS. Social Media âAS What are your privacy risks?, 2012. URL
[20] Hemamali Tennakoon. Information security and privacy in social media: The threat landscape. Implications of social media use in personal and professional settings., pages 73–101, 2015. doi: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8614-4.ch085. URL{&}PAGE=reference{&}D=psyc12{&}NEWS=N{&}AN=2015-24113-004.
[21] Leanne Townsend and Claire Wallace. Social Media Research: A Guide to Ethics. Economic and Social Research Council, pages 1–16, 2016.
[22] J. L Williams. Privacy in The Age of The Internetof Things. Human Rights, 4(14):6, 2016.
[23] Jensen Zhao and Sherry Y. Zhao. Security and Vulnerability Assessment of Social Media Sites: An Exploratory Study. Journal of Education for Business, 90(8):458–466, 2015.ISSN 0883-2323. doi: 10.1080/08832323.2015.1095705. URL