Document Type : Research Article



The present paper is intended to present a robust multiplicative video watermarking scheme. In this regard, the video signal is segmented into 3-D blocks like cubes, and then, the 3-D wavelet transform is applied to each block. The low frequency components of the wavelet coefficients are then used for data embedding to make the process robust against both malicious and unintentional attacks. The hidden message is inserted through multiplying/dividing these coefficients by a constant parameter which controls the power of the watermark. The watermark extraction relies on a maximum likelihood-based procedure, observing the distribution of the watermarked coefficients. The performance of the proposed scheme has been verified via simulations and found to be superior to some of the well-known existing video watermarking methods.


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