On the computational complexity of finding a minimal basis for the guess and determine attack

Document Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER

Authors

1 Sharif University of Technology, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Iran, Tehran

2 Shahid Beheshti University, Cyberspace Research Institute, Iran, Tehran

Abstract

Guess-and-determine attack is one of the general attacks on stream ciphers. It is a common cryptanalysis tool for evaluating security of stream ciphers. The effectiveness of this attack is based on the number of unknown bits which will be guessed by the attacker to break the cryptosystem. In this work, we present a relation between the minimum numbers of the guessed bits and uniquely restricted matching of a graph. This leads us to see that finding the minimum number of the guessed bits is NP-complete. Although fixed parameter tractability of the problem in term of minimum number of the guessed bits remains an open question, we provide some related results. Moreover, we introduce some closely related graph concepts and problems including alternating cycle free matching, jump number and forcing number of a perfect matching.

Keywords


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